3500 B.C.- People began to settle in the Nile valley in about 7000 B.C.. They farmed the land, kept animals, and built permanent homes on the banks of the Nile.
3100 B.C – Hieroglyphic script developed. Hieroglyphic was one of the first complete scripts to be used in ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians used it for over 3500 years to record important information.
2900 BC: king Djer is buried at Abydos, the seat of the cult of Osiris, lord of the Underworld and husband of Isis, and his “mastaba” becomes considered the grave of Osiris
2890 BC: Hetepsekhemwy founds the second dynasty in Egypt
2356 BC: Unas becomes pharaoh
2350 BC: religious texts are inscribed in the burial chamber of pharoah Unas/Wenis
2323 BC: Unas is murdered and Teti founds the 6th dynasty
2289 BC: Teti dies and his son Pepi I succeeds him
2255 BC: Pepi I dies and is buried in a pyramid, “Man-nefer-mare”, which gives Hiku-Ptah its new name Men-nefer, or Memphis
1640 BC: An Asian population, the Hyksos, Semitic people from Palestine, seizes power in northern Egypt (the Delta), with capital in Avaris, and introduces the horse-driven chariot (15th and 16th dynasties)
1640 BC: the Egyptians still rule on south Egypt, maintaining their capital at Thebes, and Inyotef V founds the 17th dynasty
1550 BC: Ahmose I becomes pharaoh (“new kingdom”, 18th dynasty)
1520 BC: Amenhotep I orders the separation of mortuary temples and royal tombs at the necropolis outside Thebes
1504 BC: Amenhotep I dies and is succeeded by his brother-in-law Tuthmosis I, who campaigns all the way to Mesopotamia, makes Thebes the most imposing city of the kingdom and erects the Obelisk at the Karnak temple
18th dynasty- Egypt’s stability was briefly ruptured when the late 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, changed the Egyptian religion and had most temples closed, favouring one new god, the solar-deity Aton. During this period of turmoil and upheaval, the so-called Amarna-revolution, Egypt lost a lot of it’s former influence in Asia and Nubia
19th dynasty (1307-1196) – The 19th Dynasty ended in dynastic upheaval. Although Seti was the legitimate successor of his father, Merenptah, another descendant of Ramesses II, Amenmes, appears to have succesfully claimed the throne for himself, at least for a few years in the south of the country.
It is not known whether this happened at the beginning or somewhere during the reign of Seti II, but was is certain is that Seti outlived his rival and carefully set about to erase his titulary and usurp his monuments.