Ancient Egyptian Dynasties

A Brief summary of Ancient Egyptian Dynasties

Studying ancient Egyptian dynasties is one of the most exciting things for historians. Probably the most exciting era in human history, the Egyptian civilization was also an advanced one. Spread over three thousand years, ancient Greeks thrived in economic prosperity. Considering the amount of years the civilization lasted, it is important to note of the different rules or dynasties the civilization went through.

Hundreds of Pharaohs ruled Egypt more than thousands of years ago. The civilization time is divided into periods, kingdoms and dynasties.

Periods of Ancient Egyptian Dynasties

A period is characterized by some sort of cultural and technological evolution that influenced how Egyptians lived in the subsequent years.

Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt Dynasties

These are politically purveyed societies that had law and order. The supreme constitution was the Pharaoh.

Dynasties in ancient Egypt

Political families continued their power brokerage across generations. Kith and kin of retired or demised kings were given kingship and other stately positions. Until Alexander the Great arrived, up to thirty one dynasties ruled Egypt.

Chronological order of the Ancient Egyptian Dynasties

Pre-dynastic period

This was the period between 5500 and 3100 BC. During this time settlements came about in the lower half of the Nile River.

Early Period Dynasties

The first two dynasties ruled Egypt between 3100 and 2686 BC. During this period, Memphis was designated as the capital city. The unification of upper and lower Egypt happened during this period. Amongst the rule of ancient Egyptian dynasties, this event set the trend toward a cultural evolution from both lands.

Old Kingdom Dynasties

During this period between 2686 and 2181 BC, three dynasties ruled Egypt. During this period a lot of events happened that set off a social revolution. The king was bestowed the status of God. The Sun was worshipped as the supreme life-giving divine source. The world famous step pyramid was built during this period.

It was again during this period that the pyramids of Giza were built. The dynastic rule during this time was ripe with social and cultural revolutions. The Pharaoh was considered God incarnate. The Pharaoh set the trend towards anything the Egyptians followed.

New Kingdom Dynasties in ancient Egypt

This period witnessed the eighteenth and twentieth dynastic rule. Probably the second golden age for Egypt, the New Kingdom period was used to propagate the empire’s footprints wider. Considering that ancient Egyptian dynasties were not keen on expanding, this era actually changed that attitude.

A lot of conquests were made by the rulers as the kingdom spread far and wide. It was during this time that Tutakhamen, at the age of nine became the ruler of the kingdom.

Late Dynastic Period

Between 525 and 332 BC, the might of the Egyptian civilization was weakening. The Persian monarch Cambyses invaded the kingdom. Around 525 BC, Egyptians got a taste of invasion. But the Persian monarch was eventually defeated and turned away.

The invasion of Alexander the Great

This is one of the most notable events of history considering that Egypt’s culture and social fabric took a turn with the invasion of Alexander the Great. The Macedonian kingdom set up its base in Egypt, and eventually the era of ancient Egyptian dynasties perished.